All business have structure.a business structure is a specification of jobs, the way jobs are organized and relate to one another in an organization.an organization chart is the company structure that shows where employees belong, while the chain of command is the reporting relationship within the company.an organizations structure is derived from the mission and strategy.the size of the company and the environment also contributesto an organization structure.these are the determinants of organizational st

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All business have structure.A business structure is a specification of jobs, the way jobs are organized and relate to one another in an organization.An organization chart is the company structure that shows where employees belong, while the chain of command is the reporting relationship within the company.An organizations structure is derived from the mission and strategy.The size of the company and the environment also contributesto an organization structure.These are the determinants of organizational structure.Page177.An organization can be organized on the basis of specialization.This involves grouping jobs together and deciding on who will perform such duties.Another type of structure is on the basis of departmentalization, this involves grouping jobs into logical units, accorging to purpose, marketing, finance, or other functional groupings likeproduct,process,customer or geographic.Page 180-183.Some organizations have centralized decision making hierarchy while others have decentralized.In centralized organization, most decisions are made by upper level managers.in decentralized organizations, decisions are delegated to levels of management below the top.There are three forms of authority in an organization.In a line authority organization structure,authorit flows from chain of command,from top to bottom.In a staff authority, authority flows from expertise. In a committee and team authority, authority is granted to committees.
Most firms follow a functional form of organizational structure, while others followdivisional sructure. Some others are on matrixor international structure.The new forms of structures areteam,virtual and learning organizational structure.Page 187-192.There are also informal and organizational grapevine.Page 192-193.
ASSIGNMENT.
1 Discuss the factors that influences a firmsorganizational structure.
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2 Discuss departmentalization,centralization and decentralization

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