Please, answer the following questions with approximately fifty (50) words each
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Please, answer the following questions with approximately fifty (50) words each to the questions UNIT TWELVE- RELIGION AND DIVERSITY IN THE TRANSFORMATION OF SOUTHERN ASIA, 711-1400
This period would represent high points in the history of these two great civilizations. 1-Why do Indians view the Gupta period in much the same way Westerners view Greece?
2-Why did the Abassid Caliphate collapse?
3-While Arabs were the original followers of Islam, other groups would become more dominant in the Islamic world. Who were they?
UNIT THIRTEEN- EARLY AFRICAN SOCIETIES 1500 B.C.E. – 1500 C.E.
As the Silk Road expanded into Africa, new civilizations appeared south of the Sahara.
1-Why did Islam have such an impact on much of Africa?
2-What was the importance of the “silk road” to African civilization in the sub-Sahara?
3-What were African views on slavery? Do you think this had an impact on the number of Africans sold into slavery? Why?
UNIT FOURTEEN- THE EVOLUTION AND EXPANSION OF EAST ASIAN SOCIETIES, 220-1240 C.E.
The Tang and Sung represent two of the greatest dynasties in the history of China.
1-Is Japan’s location on islands located off the East Asian coast the most important reason that it developed as it did before the 1600s? If it is, why so? If not, what was-and why?
2- Your text looks at Japan’s Warrior Class. Does this code appear more like that of a warrior or an idealized policeman? How might an Islamic warrior have perceived it?
3- It can be argued that the symbol of medieval China is the scholar-gentry while in Japan it is the Samurai warrior. How do you account for the difference between the two societies.
4- Were the societies of Vietnam and Korea more capable of resisting Chinese assimilation attempts than Japan? Why or why not? UNIT FIFTEEN- NOMADIC CONQUESTS AND EURASIAN CONNECTIONS, 1000-1400 C.E.
The Mongol hordes would sweep out of the Steppes and lay waste to much of the civilized world, but out of the Pax Mongolia would emerge greater commercial ties between east and West Read chapter eleven.
1-What were the qualities that made Ghenghis Khan successful?
2-Why was the period of the Pax Mongolia so important to world history?
3-What did Marco Polo find so interesting about the China of the Mongols?
4-What was the long term impact of the failed Mongol invasion of Japan upon the Japanese mind?
UNIT SIXTEEN- THE RESURGENCE OF THE CHRISTIAN WEST, 1050-1530 C.E.
After 1050 C.E. Europe emerged out of the Dark Ages and began to reconnect with the rest of the known world.
1-What were the reasons for the Crusades? What were the positive and negative effects of the Crusades?
2-What was Humanism and why do you believe it was important? 3-What was the importance of the invention of the printing press in 1450? Do you think this invention played a role in the 18th century revolutions in the United States and France? Why? 4- What was Machiavelli’s belief about the actions of the “Prince” and the nation-state? 5-Why do you think the Renaissance began in Italy? Discussion questions
Q-1 Remember that a historian, as a social scientist, is trying to provide direction as to how a society can become more productive. Both views-Progressive and Cyclical- agree that there are forces in society that lead to evil and unproductive circumstances. One side believes that the problems reside in man’s social institutions-religious, political, economic- while the other side believes that the source of the evil is man. In out previous question we looked at the two different types of historians. Which view does the Progressive and the Cyclical historian take of the two views noted above? Why did you choose your answer? Q-2 For the progressive historian there is a problem regarding evil. If man is corrupt and it has occurred slowly over a long period of time , probably mankind doesn’t even know it’s corrupt. If that is the case, who could possibly correct the problem when nobody even knows there is a problem? The answer to this can be found in a few cultured thinkers who for some unknown reason understand the reality of man. They have anointed themselves to lead mankind to a new heaven on earth where they shall correct the problems in the institutions of society, thus eliminating evil. This concept is called elitism.
For the cyclical historian, as we are all endowed with what Plato called the “Divine Faculty”, our reason, we are all able to comprehend that mankind is the problem. Thus man must be controlled but not to the point of neutralizing the energy of man’s nature which is still capable to doing great things.
What type of social institutions do you think each would recommend ( i.e. democracy, capitalism, totalitarianism, socialism, etc.) and why?
Q-3 We now arrive at the point where the “rubber meets the road” which is the process of actually making changes in society. In a sense you are at the same point that our Founding Fathers, Julius Caesar, the Emperor Chin, Napoleon, and many others were at when they contemplated the method by which change could occur in a society. They all recognized that while a civilization is immense, essentially every civilization is held up/supported by the essential “pillars” of classical religion, education and the family. One of these pillars is considered the most important and is the one that will come under the greatest attack and/or support when social scientists are attempting to bring about change. Which of these three pillars do you think is the key one and why? Q-4 Religion is the source of society’s morality which in turn becomes the source of that society’s laws and the laws are the rules by which a society functions. If a social scientist wants to strengthen or change a society, he/she must first strengthen or change the rules. Conservatives see man’s institutions as the vehicles that exercise control over man’s passions and keeps his evil nature under control. Therefore, they see religion as an important ally in the quest for social order.
Liberals see civilization’s institutions as the source of the problem. However, the laws, morality and, thus, the religion are the supports of these institutions. To change a society, one must change the rules and to do that one must get rid of the “rule maker”-the classical religion. Therefore, for the liberal, religion is the enemy. In culture wars such as what is transpiring in American today, it should not surprise anyone that the greatest battles revolve around the pillar of classical religion.
Q-5 With everything said, do you consider yourself a Cyclical or a Progressive historian? Why?